In 1820, printers assembled the newspaper one letter at a time

by Mr. Sheehy

The expansion of newspaper publishing resulted in part from technological innovations in printing and papermaking. Only modest improvements had been made in the printing press since the time of Gutenberg until a German named Friedrich Koenig invented a cylinder press driven by a steam engine in 1811.The first American newspaper to obtain such a press was the New York Daily Advertiser in 1825; it could print two thousand papers in an hour. . . . Compositors still set type by hand, picking up type one letter at a time from a case and placing int into a handheld “stick.” Until the 1830s, one man sometimes put out a newspaper all by himself, the editor setting his own type.

– Daniel Walker Howe, What Hath God Wrought, p. 227